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Online · School of Divinity · Theological Studies


  • CG
  • Section 8WK
  • 11/08/2019 to 04/16/2020
  • Modified 01/13/2020

Course Description

Presents a detailed study of contemporary denials of miracles, emphasizing the resurrection of Jesus and the part it plays in Christian apologetics and theology.





The resurrection of Jesus Christ is at the very center of the Christian faith. In the New Testament it is integrated with many Christian doctrines, as well as with many areas of Christian practice. A detailed study of this event, including objections to it, is warranted.

Measurable Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Evaluate the major features in the analytic philosophical debate on the nature of miracles.
  2. Critique attempts to explain the resurrection naturally.
  3. Defend major components of the “minimal facts” historical argument for Jesus’ resurrection.
  4. Integrate the resurrection of Jesus with either a major theological doctrine or with a key area of Christian practice, developing an important aspect of the Christian world view.

Course Resources

Required Resources

The resources below are provided in the course at no cost to the student.

Geivett, R. Douglas and Gary R. Habermas. In Defense of Miracles: A Comprehensive Case for God’s Action in History. Downers Grove: Intervarsity Press, 1997. ISBN: 9780830815289.

Habermas, Gary R. and Michael Licona. The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus. Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2004. ISBN: 9780825427886.

Habermas, Gary R. The Risen Jesus and Future Hope. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003. ISBN: 9780742532878.

Licona, Michael R. The Resurrection of Jesus: A New Historigraphical Approach. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2010. ISBN: 0830827196.

Disclaimer: The above resources provide information consistent with the latest research regarding the subject area. Liberty University does not necessarily endorse specific personal, religious, philosophical, or political positions found in these resources.

Additional Materials for Learning

    1. Computer with basic audio/video output equipment
    2. Internet access (broadband recommended)
    3. Blackboard recommended browsers
    4. Microsoft Word
    5. School of Divinity Writing Guide:

Course Assignments

Textbook readings and lecture presentations

Course Requirements Checklist

After reading the Course Syllabus and Student Expectations, the student will complete the related checklist found in Module/Week 1.

Discussion Board Forums (5)

Discussion boards are collaborative learning experiences. Therefore, the student is required to provide a thread in response to the provided prompt for each forum. Each thread must be 500 words and demonstrate course-related knowledge. In addition to the thread, the student is required to reply to 2 other classmates’ threads. Each reply must be 250 words. (Outcomes: A, C, D)

Research Paper Proposal

The student will write a proposal that includes the title page, thesis statement, outline, and working bibliography of at least 5 sources. (Outcomes: B, C)

Reading Summary

The student must read 250 pages from The Resurrection of Jesus: A New Historiogrphical Approach. The student will write a 5–7-page critical summary paper of the reading in current Turabian format that focuses on summarizing and evaluating the argumentation of the author. The paper must focus on interacting with the key points of the reading selected and critically evaluating the positive and negative aspects of the work. (Outcomes: A, D)

Research Paper

The student will write a 10–12-page research-based paper in current Turabian format that critiques a specific critical approach to the resurrection (such as a single a priori challenge to miracles in general, or a single a posteriori critique of the resurrection), or develops a positive case for an aspect of the resurrection. Each paper must include a minimum of 10 scholarly sources. (Outcomes: B, C)

Course Grading

Course Requirements Checklist


Discussion Board Forums (5 at 100 pts ea)


Research Paper Proposal


Reading Summary


Research Paper





Late Assignment Policy

Course Assignments, including discussion boards, exams, and other graded assignments, should be submitted on time.

If the student is unable to complete an assignment on time, then he or she must contact the instructor immediately by email.

Assignments that are submitted after the due date without prior approval from the instructor will receive the following deductions:

  1. Late assignments submitted within one week after the due date will receive up to a 10% deduction.
  2. Assignments submitted more than one week and less than 2 weeks late will receive up to a 20% deduction.
  3. Assignments submitted two weeks late or after the final date of the course will not be accepted outside of special circumstances (e.g. death in the family, significant personal health issues), which will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by the instructor.
  4. Group projects, including group discussion board threads and/or replies, and assignments will not be accepted after the due date outside of special circumstances (e.g. death in the family, significant personal health issues), which will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by the instructor.

Disability Assistance

Students with a disability and those with medical conditions associated with pregnancy may contact Liberty University’s Online Office of Disability Accommodation Support (ODAS) at [email protected] for accommodations.  Such accommodations require appropriate documentation of your condition.   For more information about ODAS and the accommodations process, including how to request an accommodation, please visit Requests for accommodations not related to disabilities or pregnancy must be directed to the Registrar’s Office, which generally handles medical needs support.

If you have a complaint related to disability discrimination or an accommodation that was not provided, you may contact ODAS or the Office of Equity and Compliance by phone at (434) 592-4999 or by email at [email protected].  Click to see a full copy of Liberty’s Discrimination, Harassment, and Sexual Misconduct Policy or the Student Disability Grievance Policy and Procedures.

Course Attendance

In an effort to comply with U.S. Department of Education policies, attendance is measured by physical class attendance or any submission of a required assignment within the enrollment dates of the course (such as examinations, written papers or projects, any discussion board posts, etc.) or initiating any communication with one’s professor regarding an academic subject. More information regarding the attendance policy can be found in the Academic Course Catalogs. Regular attendance in online courses is expected throughout the length of the term. Students who do not attend within the first week of a sub-term by submitting a required academic assignment (such as the Course Requirements Checklist, an examination, written paper or project, discussion board post, or other academic activity) will be dropped from the course. Students who wish to re-engage in the course are encouraged to contact Academic Advising to discuss their enrollment options. Students who begin an online course, but at some point in the semester cease attending, and do not provide official notification to withdraw, will be assigned a grade of “FN” (Failure for Non-Attendance). Students wishing to withdraw from courses after the official start date should familiarize themselves with the withdrawal policy.

Grading Scale

A- B+ B B- C+ C C- D+ D D- F
940-1010 920-939 900-919 860-899 840-859 820-839 780-819 760-779 740-759 700-739 680-699 679 and below

For courses with a Pass/NP final grade, please refer to the Course Grading section of this syllabus for the assignment requirements and/or point value required to earn a Passing final grade.

Add/Drop Policy

The full policy statement and procedures are published in the Policy Directory.

Honor Code

Liberty University comprises a network of students, Alumni, faculty, staff and supporters that together form a Christian community based upon the truth of the Bible. This truth defines our foundational principles, from our Doctrinal Statement to the Code of Honor. These principles irrevocably align Liberty University’s operational procedures with the long tradition of university culture, which remains distinctively Christian, designed to preserve and advance truth. Our desire is to create a safe, comfortable environment within our community of learning, and we extend our academic and spiritual resources to all of our students with the goal of fostering academic maturity, spiritual growth and character development.

Communities are predicated on shared values and goals. The Code of Honor, an expression of the values from which our Doctrinal Statement was born, defines the fundamental principles by which our community exists. At the core of this code lie two essential concepts: a belief in the significance of all individuals, and a reliance on the existence of objective truth.

While we acknowledge that some may disagree with various elements of the Code of Honor, we maintain the expectation that our students will commit to respect and uphold the Code while enrolled at Liberty University.

Adherence to the principles and concepts established within facilitates the success of our students and strengthens the Liberty community.

The Code of Honor can be viewed in its entirety at


APOL 610

Textbooks: Geivett & Habermas, In Defense of Miracles (1997).

Habermas & Licona, The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus (2004).

Habermas, The Risen Jesus and Future Hope (2003).


Reading & Study




Geivett & Habermas: chs. 1–2

3 presentations

Course Requirements Checklist

Class Introductions

DB Forum 1





Geivett & Habermas: chs. 3–6

3 presentations

Research Paper Proposal



Geivett & Habermas: chs. 7–10

Habermas & Licona: ch. 11

Habermas: ch. 2

3 presentations

DB Forum 2



Geivett & Habermas: 11–14

Habermas: ch. 3–4

3 presentations

DB Forum 3



Habermas & Licona: chs. 1–2

Habermas: ch. 1

3 presentations

DB Forum 4



Geivett & Habermas: chs. 15–16

Habermas & Licona: chs. 3–4

3 presentations

Reading Summary



Habermas & Licona: chs. 5–10

3 presentations

Research Paper



Habermas & Licona: chs. 12–13, conclusion

Habermas: chs. 5–10

3 presentations

DB Forum 5




DB = Discussion Board

NOTE: Each course module/week begins on Monday morning at 12:00 a.m. (ET) and ends on Sunday night at 11:59 p.m. (ET). The final module/week ends at 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday.