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Online · School of Divinity · School of Divinity

New Testament Development of Old Testament Themes

  • CG
  • Section 8WK
  • 11/08/2019 to 04/16/2020
  • Modified 07/27/2021

Course Description

An intensive study of how historical, exegetical, and theological themes of the Old Testament are developed in the New Testament. Special attention will also be given to how the hermeneutics of the New Testament writers should impact Christian interpretation of Scripture.


For information regarding prerequisites for this course, please refer to the Academic Course Catalog.


A 600-level elective on The Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament would be a valuable addition to the graduate-level courses in the divinity school. The study of the OT in the NT is currently a topic of intense interest and controversy in the discipline of biblical studies. Understanding of the issues involved in this study is essential for the interpretation for hundreds of passages in the NT that use or reference the OT in some way. Study of this topic will also enable the student to better understand the unity of the OT and NT and how the two are related to each other, as well as how to read the OT theologically and how to assess the hermeneutical practices of the NT writers, specifically their Christological usage of OT texts. Study of the OT in the NT better prepares pastors to preach and teach the OT from a Christian perspective in the church. This course will also provide the masters’ level student with the option of taking this course as a NBST or OBST elective.

Measurable Learning Outcomes

Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:

  1. Identify themes from the Old Testament which are developed more fully in the New Testament.
  2. Analyze the texts associated with the New Testament interpretation of the Old Testament.
  3. Discuss the historical development of key theological themes from Old Testament to New Testament.
  4. Evaluate how and to what degree the hermeneutical methods of the New Testament writers should be employed by Christians today in their reading and interpreting of Scripture.
  5. Compare and contrast New Testament interpretations of Old Testament texts with Jewish exegetical methods contemporaneous to the New Testament era.

Course Resources

Click on the following link to view the required resource(s) for the term in which you are registered: Liberty University Online Bookstore.

Additional Resources for Learning

  1. Computer with basic audio/video output equipment
  2. Internet access (broadband recommended)
  3. Canvas recommended browsers
  4. Microsoft Office
  5. Interactive Turabian-Based Writing Guide

Course Assignments

Textbook readings and lecture presentations

Course Requirements Checklist

After reading the Course Syllabus and Student Expectations, the student will complete the related checklist found in the Course Overview.

Discussions (4)

Discussions are collaborative learning experiences. Therefore, the student is required to create a thread in response to the provided prompt for each discussion. Each thread must be 300–400 words. Each thread must also demonstrate course-related knowledge. In addition to the thread, the student is required to reply to 2 other classmates’ threads. Each reply must be 200–250 words. (MLO: D, E)

Quizzes (2)

The student will take two quizzes. Each quiz will cover readings and presentations from the respective course modules according to the quiz study guides. Each quiz will be made up of two parts: 60 multiple-choice questions, and 1 essay question. Each quiz will be open-book/open-notes and have a 1 hour and 30 minute time limit. The quiz questions are included in the study guides. The student should thoroughly fill out the study guide and prepare the essay answer before beginning the quiz. (MLO: A, B, C)

Research Paper Assignments (2)

The student will write a 1200–1500-word essay in current Turabian format based on the passages and instructions provided within the course. Each essay must include at least 6 references in current Turabian format. (MLO: A, B, E)

Course Grading

Course Requirements Checklist


Discussions (4 at 100 pts ea)


Quizzes (2 at 150 pts ea)


Research Papers (2 at 150 pts ea)




Course Policies

Extra Credit

No additional “for credit” assignments will be permitted beyond those given in the course requirements stated above.

Course Changes

Course requirements are subject to change by the administration of the University at any time with appropriate notice.


Late Assignment Policy

Course Assignments, including discussions, exams, and other graded assignments, should be submitted on time.

If the student is unable to complete an assignment on time, then he or she must contact the instructor immediately by email.

Assignments that are submitted after the due date without prior approval from the instructor will receive the following deductions:

  1. Late assignments submitted within one week after the due date will receive up to a 10% deduction.
  2. Assignments submitted more than one week and less than 2 weeks late will receive up to a 20% deduction.
  3. Assignments submitted two weeks late or after the final date of the course will not be accepted outside of special circumstances (e.g. death in the family, significant personal health issues), which will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by the instructor.
  4. Group projects, including group discussion threads and/or replies, and assignments will not be accepted after the due date outside of special circumstances (e.g. death in the family, significant personal health issues), which will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by the instructor.

Disability Assistance

Students with a disability and those with medical conditions associated with pregnancy may contact Liberty University’s Online Office of Disability Accommodation Support (ODAS) at [email protected] for accommodations.  Such accommodations require appropriate documentation of your condition.   For more information about ODAS and the accommodations process, including how to request an accommodation, please visit Requests for accommodations not related to disabilities or pregnancy must be directed to the Registrar’s Office, which generally handles medical needs support.

If you have a complaint related to disability discrimination or an accommodation that was not provided, you may contact ODAS or the Office of Equity and Compliance by phone at (434) 592-4999 or by email at [email protected].  Click to see a full copy of Liberty’s Discrimination, Harassment, and Sexual Misconduct Policy or the Student Disability Grievance Policy and Procedures.

Course Attendance

In an effort to comply with U.S. Department of Education policies, attendance is measured by physical class attendance or any submission of a required assignment within the enrollment dates of the course (such as examinations, written papers or projects, any discussion posts, etc.) or initiating any communication with one’s professor regarding an academic subject. More information regarding the attendance policy can be found in the Academic Course Catalogs. Regular attendance in online courses is expected throughout the length of the term. Students who do not attend within the first week of a sub-term by submitting a required academic assignment (such as the Course Requirements Checklist, an examination, written paper or project, discussion post, or other academic activity) will be dropped from the course. Students who wish to re-engage in the course are encouraged to contact Academic Advising to discuss their enrollment options. Students who begin an online course, but at some point in the semester cease attending, and do not provide official notification to withdraw, will be assigned a grade of “FN” (Failure for Non-Attendance). Students wishing to withdraw from courses after the official start date should familiarize themselves with the withdrawal policy.

Grading Scale

A- B+ B B- C+ C C- D+ D D- F
940-1010 920-939 900-919 860-899 840-859 820-839 780-819 760-779 740-759 700-739 680-699 679 and below

For courses with a Pass/NP final grade, please refer to the Course Grading section of this syllabus for the assignment requirements and/or point value required to earn a Passing final grade.

Add/Drop Policy

The full policy statement and procedures are published in the Policy Directory.

Honor Code

Liberty University comprises a network of students, Alumni, faculty, staff and supporters that together form a Christian community based upon the truth of the Bible. This truth defines our foundational principles, from our Doctrinal Statement to the Code of Honor. These principles irrevocably align Liberty University’s operational procedures with the long tradition of university culture, which remains distinctively Christian, designed to preserve and advance truth. Our desire is to create a safe, comfortable environment within our community of learning, and we extend our academic and spiritual resources to all of our students with the goal of fostering academic maturity, spiritual growth and character development.

Communities are predicated on shared values and goals. The Code of Honor, an expression of the values from which our Doctrinal Statement was born, defines the fundamental principles by which our community exists. At the core of this code lie two essential concepts: a belief in the significance of all individuals, and a reliance on the existence of objective truth.

While we acknowledge that some may disagree with various elements of the Code of Honor, we maintain the expectation that our students will commit to respect and uphold the Code while enrolled at Liberty University.

Adherence to the principles and concepts established within facilitates the success of our students and strengthens the Liberty community.

The Code of Honor can be viewed in its entirety at

Additional Items

Program Learning Outcomes for OBST 680

OBST 680 supports the following academic programs in the Rawlings School of Divinity:

Master of Arts (Biblical Exposition)

Master of Arts (Biblical Studies)

The program learning outcomes for these programs are listed with the program in the Rawlings School of

Divinity Graduate Catalog. This course is related to at least one of the program learning outcomes listed for each of these programs and contributes to your success in acquiring the knowledge and skills that are described. Here is the link to the catalog page where this information can be found:

Rawlings School of Divinity Graduate Catalog (


Course calendar and related activities
When Topic Notes
Course Overview
Student Acknowledgements

Course Requirements Checklist

Module 1: Week 1

Read: 2 items

Watch: 2 items


Discussion: Introducing the New Testament Use of the Old Testament

Module 2: Week 2

Read: 2 items

Watch: 2 items


Discussion: Interpreting the New Testament Use of the Old Testament

Module 3: Week 3

Read: 2 items

Watch: 3 items


Discussion: Typology

Module 4: Week 4

Read: 2 items

Watch: 2 items


Quiz: Interpretive Issues

Module 5: Week 5

Read: 3 items

Watch: 2 items


Discussion: Christological Interpretation

Module 6: Week 6

Read: 2 items

Watch: 2 items


Research Paper: Use of Zechariah in the Gospels Assignment

Module 7: Week 7

Read: 2 items

Watch: 3 items


Research Paper: Use of Psalms in Hebrews Assignment

Module 8: Week 8

Read: 2 items

Watch: 2 items


Quiz: Use of Scripture in Paul's Letters