Online · School of Divinity · School of Divinity
New Testament Development of Old Testament Themes
- Section 8WK
- 11/08/2019 to 04/16/2020
- Modified 02/06/2020
An intensive study of how historical, exegetical, and theological themes of the Old Testament are developed in the New Testament. Special attention will also be given to how the hermeneutics of the New Testament writers should impact Christian interpretation of Scripture.
A 600-level elective on The Use of the Old Testament in the New Testament would be a valuable addition to the graduate-level courses in the divinity school. The study of the OT in the NT is currently a topic of intense interest and controversy in the discipline of biblical studies. Understanding of the issues involved in this study is essential for the interpretation for hundreds of passages in the NT that use or reference the OT in some way. Study of this topic will also enable the student to better understand the unity of the OT and NT and how the two are related to each other, as well as how to read the OT theologically and how to assess the hermeneutical practices of the NT writers, specifically their Christological usage of OT texts. Study of the OT in the NT better prepares pastors to preach and teach the OT from a Christian perspective in the church. This course will also provide the masters’ level student with the option of taking this course as a NBST or OBST elective.
Measurable Learning Outcomes
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
- Identify themes from the Old Testament which are developed more fully in the New Testament.
- Analyze the texts associated with the New Testament interpretation of the Old Testament.
- Discuss the historical development of key theological themes from Old Testament to New Testament.
- Evaluate how and to what degree the hermeneutical methods of the New Testament writers should be employed by Christians today in their reading and interpreting of Scripture.
- Compare and contrast New Testament interpretations of Old Testament texts with Jewish exegetical methods contemporaneous to the New Testament era.
The resources below are provided in the course at no cost to the student.
Beale, G. K. Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament: Exegesis and Interpretation. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2012.
Berding, Kenneth, and Jonathan Lunde, eds. Three Views on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008.
Moyise, Steve. Paul and Scripture: Studying the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2010. ISBN.
Disclaimer: The above resources provide information consistent with the latest research regarding the subject area. Liberty University does not necessarily endorse specific personal, religious, philosophical, or political positions found in these resources.
Additional Resources for Learning
- Computer with basic audio/video output equipment
- Internet access (broadband recommended)
- Blackboard recommended browsers
- Microsoft Office
- School of Divinity Writing Guide: https://www.liberty.edu/divinity/index.cfm?PID=28160
Textbook readings and lecture presentations
Course Requirements Checklist
After reading the Course Syllabus and Student Expectations, the student will complete the related checklist found in Module/Week 1.
Discussion Board Forums (4)
Discussion boards are collaborative learning experiences. Therefore, the student is required to create a thread in response to the provided prompt for each forum. The threads will vary in word counts according to the instructions for each discussion board prompt. Each thread must also demonstrate course-related knowledge. In addition to the thread, the student is required to reply to 2 other classmates’ threads. Each reply must be 200–225 words. (MLO: D, E)
The student will take two exams. Each exam will cover reading and study material from the respective course modules according to the exam study guides. Each exam will be made up of two parts: 60 multiple-choice questions, and 1 essay question. Each exam will be open-book/open-notes and have a 90 minute time limit. The exam questions are included in the study guides. The student should throughoughly fill out the study guide and prepare the essay answer before beginning the exam. (MLO: A, B, C)
Problem Passage Essays (2)
The student will write a 1200–1500-word essay in current Turabian format based on the passages and instructions provided within the course. Each essay must include at least 6 references in current Turabian format. (MLO: A, B, E)
Course Requirements Checklist
Discussion Board Forums (4 at 100 pts ea)
Exams (2 at 150 pts ea)
Problem Passage Essays (2 at 150 pts ea)
Late Assignment Policy
Course Assignments, including discussion boards, exams, and other graded assignments, should be submitted on time.
If the student is unable to complete an assignment on time, then he or she must contact the instructor immediately by email.
Assignments that are submitted after the due date without prior approval from the instructor will receive the following deductions:
- Late assignments submitted within one week after the due date will receive up to a 10% deduction.
- Assignments submitted more than one week and less than 2 weeks late will receive up to a 20% deduction.
- Assignments submitted two weeks late or after the final date of the course will not be accepted outside of special circumstances (e.g. death in the family, significant personal health issues), which will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by the instructor.
- Group projects, including group discussion board threads and/or replies, and assignments will not be accepted after the due date outside of special circumstances (e.g. death in the family, significant personal health issues), which will be reviewed on a case-by-case basis by the instructor.
Students with a disability and those with medical conditions associated with pregnancy may contact Liberty University’s Online Office of Disability Accommodation Support (ODAS) at [email protected] for accommodations. Such accommodations require appropriate documentation of your condition. For more information about ODAS and the accommodations process, including how to request an accommodation, please visit https://www.liberty.edu/online/online-disability-accommodation-support/. Requests for accommodations not related to disabilities or pregnancy must be directed to the Registrar’s Office, which generally handles medical needs support.
If you have a complaint related to disability discrimination or an accommodation that was not provided, you may contact ODAS or the Office of Equity and Compliance by phone at (434) 592-4999 or by email at [email protected]. Click to see a full copy of Liberty’s Discrimination, Harassment, and Sexual Misconduct Policy or the Student Disability Grievance Policy and Procedures.
In an effort to comply with U.S. Department of Education policies, attendance is measured by physical class attendance or any submission of a required assignment within the enrollment dates of the course (such as examinations, written papers or projects, any discussion board posts, etc.) or initiating any communication with one’s professor regarding an academic subject. More information regarding the attendance policy can be found in the Academic Course Catalogs. Regular attendance in online courses is expected throughout the length of the term. Students who do not attend within the first week of a sub-term by submitting a required academic assignment (such as the Course Requirements Checklist, an examination, written paper or project, discussion board post, or other academic activity) will be dropped from the course. Students who wish to re-engage in the course are encouraged to contact Academic Advising to discuss their enrollment options. Students who begin an online course, but at some point in the semester cease attending, and do not provide official notification to withdraw, will be assigned a grade of “FN” (Failure for Non-Attendance). Students wishing to withdraw from courses after the official start date should familiarize themselves with the withdrawal policy.
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For courses with a Pass/NP final grade, please refer to the Course Grading section of this syllabus for the assignment requirements and/or point value required to earn a Passing final grade.
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Textbooks: Beale, Handbook on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (2012).
Berding & Lunde, Three Views on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament (2008).
Moyise, Paul and Scripture (2010).
Reading & Study
Berding & Lunde: Introduction—ch. 1
Course Requirements Checklist
DB Forum 1
Berding & Lunde:
DB Forum 2
Beale: Introduction—ch. 3
DB Forum 3
Beale: chs. 4—7
Moyise: Introduction–ch. 1
2 commentary readings
DB Forum 4
Moyise: chs. 2—4
Problem Passage Essay 1
Moyise: chs. 5—6
Problem Passage Essay 2
Moyise: ch. 7–Appendix 3
DB = Discussion Board
NOTE: Each course module/week begins on Monday morning at 12:00 a.m. (ET) and ends on Sunday night at 11:59 p.m. (ET). The final module/week ends at 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Friday.